For all of recorded history, people have been fascinated, intrigued, and fearful of the ocean and yet greatly dependent upon it. They have stood on beaches and marveled at the waves and currents and at the things it brings ashore. It has been a place of work and of recreation and an object of destruction. The winds and currents, while the means of commerce have also been cause of loss and hurt. The good ocean is also harsh; quickly through the pounding surf, brutal under tows and tide rips or slowly through corrosion and rust. Through the fascination and intrigue we have felt of the ocean, we have studied and found ways to combat or live with the harshness of the ocean. In this study we have also found the seemly limitless ocean to be quite fragile. We must control what we allow to enter the ocean waters or it will no longer provide the bounty on which we depend. Just as we have designed and developed ships, through application of engineering and technology, which can withstand the harsh ocean we can also develop solutions to withstand other harsh aspects of the ocean and to protect and restore that which is fragile.
Oceans 17 provides a forum through which the benefits of technology to live with the Harsh of the Ocean while protecting Fragile of the Ocean are to be presented.
AK.1 Operations Under, On, and Above the Ocean–Frozen or Thawed
This session seeks papers discussing applications using remotely operated in situ technologies, such as autonomous vehicles (i.e. AUVs, UAVs, USVs, etc.), cable–tethered, and wireless-manned vehicles (i.e. ROVs), and moored arrays.
AK.2 Remote Sensing of Marine Environments
Remote sensing is an essential tool for observing the vast surface of the world’s oceans and can provide important information for ocean science and maritime operations. We invite contributions that apply remote sensing techniques for the monitoring of oceans. Abstracts focusing on polar region problems are particularly welcome. Solicited research topics include but are not limited to: (1) Ocean color, sea surface temperature and sea surface salinity; (2) ocean winds, wave height, and sea state; (3) sea surface topography; (4) sea ice distribution, ice type and ice dynamics; (5) detection and characterization of oil spills in arctic waters; (6) coastal erosion and ocean bathymetry; (7) ship detection and tracking; (8) extreme weather monitoring.
AK.3 Energy from the Oceans, Coasts, and Rivers
This session is seeking contributions dealing with energy extraction from the ocean and coastal regions, including rivers feeding into the marine environment. Favored topics include those presenting on extracting energy from the ocean, from the surface to the seafloor, including energy from the winds, tide, river flow, the sun, geothermal, and of course, fossil fuels. How do we extract energy from the inherently challenging marine environment while maintaining a proper balance with all the other uses of the ocean and coastal resources?
AK.4 Technology for Supporting Sustainable Fisheries.
Besides the policies and records which are in place to track fishery statistics and to monitor the health of the various fisheries, there are now technologies which allow schools of fish to be identified by type and size. Modern fishing gear has been developed to minimize by-catch and minimize damage to the fish which are caught. Imaging technologies, microprocessors, and other techniques are improving the effort in support of sustainable fisheries. The future also promises the development of more efficient fishing vessels that operate more safely in extreme environments whilst providing better technologies for protecting fishing grounds. In this session, we seek presentations related to these topics.
AK.5 Modern Technology and Traditional (Local and Indigenous) Knowledge — Working Together
Our modern technologies can be used to extract a variety of data for research, monitoring, and resource management. Transforming these data in to useful knowledge can benefit from the application of traditional knowledge, which refers to both local and indigenous knowledge of a given area. In the Arctic, this knowledge has been gained from generations of subsistence communities living off the land and sea, all the while in a harsh environment. Providing a means to incorporate such knowledge has been shown to improve the approach of some research objectives and improve the interpretation of results. Modern technology can also be a means to enhance the traditional activities. This session seeks contributions dealing with the acquisition and the use of traditional knowledge along with modern research and technology approaches.
AK.6 Coastal Impacts –Shorelines and Coastal Waters
Receding Arctic sea ice exposes more shoreline to damaging waves and storm surges with sometimes catastrophic erosion and flooding events adversely impacting coastal communities. Melting glaciers result in rising sea level and greater amount of fresh water on the surface of coastal waters. Alaska has over 100,000 glaciers and 75 gigatons of ice per year has been lost between 1994-2013. This is roughly half of the recent estimate for ice loss for all of Antarctica, making Alaska a primary contributor to global sea level rise through the end of the 21st century. Warmer winters result in less snowfall and thus less snowmelt in the summer. More rainfall in the winter alters the short-term nearshore hydrographic conditions, posing documented shifts in mixing fronts, circulation, and habitat conditions. This session seeks contributions that discuss coastal impact issues such as tsunamis, sea level rise, coastal erosion, coastal community relocation efforts, keeping coastal waterways navigable and coastal communities safe with shifting coastal shoreline boundaries, and policy issues/activities related to these topics.
AK.7. Ocean Chemistry in High Latitude Seas
Dissolved gases, salinity, organic carbon, and nutrients have long been natural topics of chemical oceanography. Now the ability to detect spills of hazardous materials, as well as increasing ocean acidification and the potential rise in harmful algal bloom (HABS) incidences with a warming ocean (and their subsequent toxic impacts on the environment and organisms) are the hot topics in chemical oceanography. In this session, we seek discussions on what technologies are used to monitor and observe the effects of these changing conditions, and what technologies can be applied to reduce deleterious impacts or in some cases mitigate them? What other changes are being detected and what are the ramifications of these changes?
AK.8 Ecosystem Response to a Changing Environment
In the past 10 years, multiple, national and international efforts have been promoting the long-term monitoring of high latitude ecosystems. Examples include: the Arctic Marine Biodiversity Observing Network (AMBON): a 5 year program to build an operational marine biodiversity observing network that makes baseline measurements from microbes to following feeding and reproductive successes of top predators. Another is the Distributed Biological Observatory effort of standardized sampling transects extending from the northern Bering Sea, to the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. In this session, we welcome contributions dealing with how modern technology, as well as back-bone infrastructure (moorings),are employed to support these systems.
AK.9. The Blue Economy: Spanning Two Oceans and Three Seas
Blue economy refers to sustainable socioeconomic development in the marine and maritime sectors (e.g., fisheries, tourism, energy, transportation, bio-prospecting, marine technology). Promoting a “blue economy” means balancing development with science-informed conservation and sustainable management principles. It also means recognizing the value of ecosystem services which sustain and enhance the vitality of coastal communities and the economy at large. Critical to this is the advancement of science, technology, and innovation to ensure we have sound and useful information to guide our decision-making. Our focus is on a blue economy for the Arctic and sub-Arctic waters. How do we employ technology to promote a blue economy which allows some to earn a living while preserving it for the benefit of all.
AK.10. Marine Safety and Security with Diminishing Ice
Systems are in place to monitor some aspects of vessel traffic throughout the world’s oceans; however, in remote regions, and in particular the Arctic, the infrastructure is lacking that would allow adequate response in the event of a mishap. International agreements like The Polar Code are designed to help govern how maritime operations will be conducted in remote and internationally shared regions, including the Arctic. Despite the attention to the Arctic during the U.S. chairmanship on the International Arctic Council, maritime domain awareness in the Arctic is still traversing uncharted waters (literally). The Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA, under NOAA’s Office of Response and Restoration) and The Arctic Domain Awareness Center (ADAC, a Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence) are both actively involved with maritime domain awareness issues across this region. Arctic ERMA is specifically designed to aid in spill preparedness and planning, assist in coordinating emergency response efforts and situational awareness for human and natural disasters, and help prepare for climate change. ADAC, led by the University of Alaska, is focused on developing and transitioning technology solutions, innovative products, and educational programs to improve situational awareness and crisis response capabilities related to emerging maritime challenges posed by the dynamic Arctic environment. Both ADAC and worldwide maritime domain awareness efforts also focus on security and safety issues, as well as on environmental stewardship and economic health and viability for maritime regions. The Arctic is unique in this seascape for its remote location, lack of infrastructure and limited historical precedence. Topics for this session may include established and emerging methodologies and technological solutions that can be used across all maritime domains, as well as new technologies that must be developed and employed to enhance safety and security, especially in regions like the Arctic.
AK.11 OCEANS’17 Real-Time Quality Control (QC) of Oceanographic Data
To continue a series of sessions dedicated to the topic of data quality control issues during previous OCEANS meetings, a special session addressing the real-time quality control of oceanographic data will be arranged during the Anchorage, AK OCEANS’17 conference.
Specific topics sought include:
• Data management of QC information
• Emerging QC at cabled observatories
• Implementation of QC at observing system networks such as US IOOS and Canada’s MEOPAR
• Implementation of QARTOD (Quality Assurance of Real-Time Observing Data) tests
• Quality assurance standards
• Development of regional test thresholds
• Application of QC information to real-world solutions
• Case studies of challenging QC problems
• Activities at OOI and NERRS CDMO
• On board sensor QC development by vendors
AK.12. Navigation Sonar
Papers are being requested for this session that address and discusses the technical, scientific, environmental and functional aspects of 3-dimensional forward looking Navigation Sonar as a tool for scientific research and as a means to enhance the safety of ship navigation. An overview of products that are presently available in the commercial marketplace, their purpose, and the organizations and people who use them will be presented. Technical aspects of Navigation Sonar will be offered including capabilities, resolution, and accuracy as a precise instrument to display, document and record a realistic portrayal of the underwater environment. These attributes are essential when considering the potential of Navigation Sonar to contribute to ocean observations in near-real time and to the scientific study of the seabed in the littoral zone. Navigation Sonar can also play a vital role in increasing the safety of ship navigation by enhancing the situational awareness of mariners in detecting hazards that may exist ahead in their path. This is especially relevant today across most of the Arctic and many other remote areas of the globe that are poorly surveyed or not surveyed at all, and as new areas of the Arctic open to navigation where ships have rarely or never before ventured. Other potential uses include providing independently crowd-sourced swath data for bathymetry and hydrographic survey, exploring new routes of transit, avoidance of marine mammals, and the placement of aids to navigation and verifying they are watching properly. Case studies of major shipping accidents will also be discussed along with the manner in which Navigation Sonar, had it been available and in use, may possibly have aided in their prevention. Participants will gain insight into the technologies behind the sensor, explore its versatility in performing scientific and navigation tasks; and have the opportunity to raise questions, express thoughts and voice concerns regarding its use. Attendees include representatives of industry, academia and government. A panel made up of presenters in this session will participate in a Townhall Session (Part II), which will be convened following these presentations. Note: This session is focused solely on navigation sonar technologies and implementation, and will not conflict with the scheduled AK.10 Marine Safety and Security with Diminishing Ice session on the technical program.
The Conference Core Topics can be used for presentations which are coupled with the Special Topics above, or may be presented independent of the special topics.
1.0 UNDERWATER ACOUSTICS AND ACOUSTICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
1.1 Sonar and transducers
1.2 Calibration of acoustic systems and metrology
1.3 Sound propagation and scattering
1.4 Acoustical oceanography
1.5 Geoacoustic inversion
1.8 Ocean noise
1.9 Signal coherence and fluctuation
2.0 SONAR SIGNAL / IMAGE PROCESSING AND COMMUNICATION
2.1 Sonar signal processing
2.2 Array signal processing and array design
2.3 Model-based signal processing techniques
2.4 Vector sensor processing
2.5 Synthetic aperture (active and passive)
2.6 Classification and pattern recognition (parametric and non-parametric)
2.7 Sonar imaging
2.8 Acoustic telemetry and communication
2.9 Biologically inspired processing
3.0 OCEAN OBSERVING PLATFORMS, SYSTEMS, AND INSTRUMENTATION
3.1 Automatic control
3.2 Current measurement technology
3.3 Oceanographic instrumentation and sensors
3.4 Systems and observatories
3.5 Buoy technology
3.6 Cables and connectors
3.7 Marine geodetic information systems
4.0 REMOTE SENSING
4.1 Air / sea interaction
4.3 Passive observing sensors
4.4 Coastal radars
4.5 Ocean color and hyperspectral measurements
4.6 Airborne and satellite radar and SAR
4.7 Operational observation
4.8 Sensor synergy
4.9 Space systems
5.0 OCEAN DATA VISUALIZATION, MODELING, AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
5.1 Access, custody, and retrieval of data
5.2 Data visualization
5.3 Numerical modeling and simulation
5.4 Marine GIS and data fusion
5.5 Information management
5.6 Data assimilation
6.0 MARINE ENVIRONMENT, OCEANOGRAPHY, AND METEOROLOGY
6.1 Oceanography: physical, geological, chemical, biological
6.2 Marine geology and geophysics
6.3 Hydrography / seafloor mapping / geodesy
6.5 Marine life and ecosystems
6.7 Pollution monitoring
6.8 Mineral resources
7.0 OPTICS, IMAGING, VISION, AND E-M SYSTEMS
7.1 Imaging and vision
7.2 Beam propagation
7.3 Optical sensors and adaptive optics
7.4 Marine optics technology and instrumentation
7.5 Holography and 3D imaging
7.6 Optical communication
7.7 E-M sensing
8.0 MARINE LAW, POLICY, MANAGEMENT, AND EDUCATION
8.1 Coastal zone management
8.2 Ocean economic potential
8.3 Marine law and policy
8.4 International issues
8.5 Marine safety and security
8.6 Law of the Sea and UNCLOS
8.7 Ocean resources
8.8 Marine education and outreach
8.9 Marine archaeology
9.0 OFFSHORE STRUCTURES AND TECHNOLOGY
9.1 Ocean energy
9.2 Ropes and tension members
9.3 Offshore structures
9.4 Marine materials science
9.5 Marine salvage
9.7 Pollution clean-up and pollution remediation
9.8 Deepwater development technology
9.9 Seafloor engineering
9.10 Ocean exploration
10.0 OCEAN VEHICLES AND FLOATING STRUCTURES
10.1 Vehicle design
10.2 Vehicle navigation
10.3 Vehicle performance
10.4 Autonomous underwater vehicles
10.5 Manned underwater vehicles
10.6 Remotely operated vehicles
10.7 Dynamic positioning
10.8 Moorings, rigging, and anchors
10.9 Naval architecture